A condition that can cause a lot of discomfort and even pain, piles (otherwise known as hemorrhoids) are areas of swelling around the anal area, which develop from the back passage and the anal lining.
This is a condition that can vary in frequency as well as severity, so whereas some people may never get piles or only ever suffer from them once or twice in their lives, others may get piles on a regular basis and some may suffer from a severe variation of this condition, which can cause a lot of pain and discomfort.
Because the severity and frequency of piles can vary, the treatment options are also varied. In some cases, piles can disappear without any actual treatment as such other than taking time and care. However, in other cases you may need to consider treatment to get rid of piles, ranging from over the counter medications and treatments to a visit to the doctors if the condition is very severe or persistent.
The condition can arise as a result of small blood vessels that can be found in the inner lining of the lower rectum and anus. In some cases, they can become wider and filled with a larger than usual amount of blood, which can then lead to the swellings that are known as piles. The exact cause of the condition is a grey area but it is believed that strain and pressure can contribute to the condition, which includes straining on the loo.
There are a number of things that can increase the chances of developing piles, which includes age, pregnancy, constipation and hereditary factors. There are also a number of things that can help to reduce the risk of developing piles, which includes increasing the fibre intake in your diet, which in turn will mean less strain when passing stools. Obesity is another risk factor, so a healthy diet along with regular exercise can also help to reduce the risk by ensuring you maintain a healthy weight.
You will also find that piles can develop inside the lining of the back passage or they may protrude and become prolapsed. Some prolapsed piles can retreat back inside after you have finished straining on the toilet or can be pushed back in.
However others may hang permanently outside and can become quite large until they have been treated. External piles can also develop, and can become very painful and swollen. These can sometimes result in the development of a blood clot inside the swelling.